Futurism in the interior +75 style photos
Futurism unites a group of avant-garde styles that originate in Russia and Italy in the 1910-1920s. The direction developed simultaneously in different areas of cultural life: painting, music, literature and poetry. The name of the style comes from the Latin "futurum", which translates as "future". In search of new and unusual representatives of the direction tried to look ahead, draw a unique picture, become visionaries of their time. Futurism in the interior began to be applied after the boom in style in architecture. In the buildings of those times, a cult of the “age of technology” is observed, it was worshiped and considered the only true vector, for which the future stands. The history of style dates back almost a hundred years. During this time, he not only developed dynamically, survived periods of ups and downs, but also gave rise to new branches: neofuturism, constructivism, and then high-tech. The rebirth “from the ashes” occurred in the middle of the last century, in the era of the development of genetic engineering, nuclear testing and the first steps on the path to space exploration. Now futuristic ideas are distinguished by freedom, a constant desire to crush borders and go beyond them, look into the future and get ahead of it. Style has found its place in the everyday life of a person, organically combining advanced technology with unusual solutions in art.
Origins of style
Particular attention should be paid to poetry, since it all began with versification. For futurists, meaning faded into the background, the main thing was form and novelty. They defended their right to individualism in creativity and the rejection of generally accepted frameworks and norms. The main features of the direction were formulated in the manifesto of the Italian Marinetti, published in the newspaper. His appeal says that futurists must rush to live and create. Shine a bright star in the sky and sink into eternity, leaving its mark on history. Poets invented unusual words, used obscene language and jargon in poems. All these techniques were designed to attract public attention and the effect of shock therapy. Among the famous masters of the genre are Marinetti, Boccioni, Russolo, Pasternak, Mayakovsky, Khlebnikov. Domestic poets of the new wave were not always understood by the public. Their creativity provoked a stormy negative reaction in the circles of conservatives, who placed traditions at the head of the table. For many, the attitude of the futurists towards wars was considered unacceptable. They considered them the cleansing of the earth, the preparation of new soil for a brighter future. Perhaps the popularization of pacifism subsequently shook the ideologists of the trend. In painting, futurism is in many ways similar to abstractionism and cubism. Primitive image techniques are considered characteristic of the style: geometric figures, smoothed kinks of lines, crushing objects into sectors in order to look inside. In the architecture of buildings, the style was recognized by a number of techniques that symbolized energy, speed, swiftness - the features characteristic of youth. In interior design of offices, apartments and houses, style has lingered to the present day. He has been transformed in many ways. Outdated ideas about the future, which has now become the present, have replaced fresh ideas born in the face of new realities.
The main differences of style
Futuristic interiors stand out from other popular styles. It is worth noting that not everyone is capable of such bold decisions. The familiar concepts of coziness and comfort are transformed and take on unusual shapes that you need to get used to. The original futuristic atmosphere will seem to many similar to the museum, where they show non-trivial art objects. The style is characterized by:
- Unusual shapes. In the interior painting I will present geometric figures, straight lines and rounded, smooth corners;
- Artificial lighting. In the concept of futurism, contacts with nature are completely broken. A person remains only an isolated house in which artificial lighting is maintained around the clock. There will be little sun in the rooms;
- New life of familiar things. You will not find any trivial wardrobes or sofas in futurism. Furniture will be less like itself: curved backs, extraordinary shapes, complex combinations;
- Chromed surfaces, plastic, plexiglass. In the decoration, this style is similar to the high-tech potpourri and industrial;
- Smart decor using optical illusions. The world is governed by intelligence, respectively, and room decoration should be a product of his work;
- The presence of glass partitions for zoning space. The ideal apartment for embodying futuristic ideas will be a studio apartment or “odnushka”, which is divided into sectors;
- The colors are dominated by cold tones, gray, white and black. Design decisions are based on the principle of contrasts;
- Multifunctional furniture. Futurism does not like the useless use of space, like minimalism.
Together, the above features give rise to original stylistic solutions that are not similar to trivial interiors.
Futurism is present in the decoration of many "government" buildings, where they usually study and develop computer technologies. The style is used in offices and lobby areas. The main goal of the design decision is to show that the company is engaged in modern research and ahead of its time.
The style is considered universal. It looks organically in any room: kitchen, living room, bedroom, hallway, bathroom and even a children's room. However, the owners should prepare for an expensive repair, as the implementation of extraordinary ideas will require large investments. The decoration is dominated by artificial materials that look luxurious, but by no means cheap or primitive.
Materials and finishes
The design of the "box" of the room is dominated by plastic, glass, chrome surfaces. The walls are glued with foil wallpaper or sheathed with PVC panels that simulate metal. A suspended ceiling hangs from above, the glossy surface of which is monophonic, without patterns or patterns. In simpler versions, white, blue or gray plaster is used. The bulk floor is decorated with paintings with complex geometric patterns. Such options are made to order. In some cases, the floor is covered with linoleum or decorated with rugs of unusual shapes with a short pile. The tree will have to be abandoned completely. In this regard, the style is categorical.
In accent colors, blue, cyan, violet, green, and red prevail. All shades have a "cool" neon shine. A good option is to emphasize the color scheme with the corresponding backlight. The main background is made of white, black or gray tones. They are neutral and combine with any shades. The main principle of color combinations is the game of contrasts. Emphasis should be striking, but their balance is strictly regulated.
In the bedrooms and kitchens, the effect is slightly muffled by faded tones, as in these rooms a calm atmosphere should be maintained. A similar situation develops in small rooms where space cannot be overloaded, otherwise one of the principles of futurism — freedom in the premises — will be violated. In halls, hallways and bathrooms, contrasts are not held back.
Do not recommend using natural shades of wood in futuristic interiors: brown, sand, walnut. Organically, these colors will look only in retro-futurism. This trend reflects the ideas that were popular in the last century. The interiors realize the ideas of the first ideologists of futurism about the present.
When choosing furniture are guided by its functionality. Sofas are transformed into beds, cabinets into tables, and shelves into couches. The most unusual transformation options are welcome in the futuristic interior. Modern furniture with hinged structures without legs is relevant. “Soaring” in the space of beds, chairs and tables will not only facilitate the cleaning of floors, but also create the illusion of weightlessness. When choosing a setting, they are guided by extraordinary forms that will highlight the features of the interior. Semicircular sofas, balls-poufs, hollow inside the chair, wavy hinged shelves, radius cabinets and coffee tables, more reminiscent of polished gems, look organically.
Lighting devices are placed on the ceiling, around the perimeter of the room, in decorative niches of furniture and walls, on tables and on the floor. Artificial light is considered as the main source. Lampshades have the same non-standard shapes as furniture. Legs-springs hold absolutely round or ellipsoidal "bowls". Particular attention is paid to point sources of scattered light. They are placed in large quantities, and the glow is usually not standard white, but a tint to match accent tones in specific areas of the room.
The decor in the setting is minimized. However, those details that are still present, their originality more than compensate for the shortage of jewelry. Futuristic look graphic pictures or collages on the walls. Unusual clocks are arranged in the room, in the form of DNA molecules, crystal lattices, pendulums, installations made of atoms and air bubbles, compositions of wire spirals, glass balls on the legs - all these obscure, but in their own way beautiful elements, act as the main decor .
Futurism and new technologies
Futuristic interiors often use the latest technology. Although they harmoniously merge into the interior, they become just one of its elements. In this nuance, the main difference between the style and the close-minded high-tech is traced, where the technique serves as the basis around which the "plot" is twisted. Futurism organically looks even without it, it compensates for the lack of contrasts, forms and originality of materials. Many ideologists of the trend really became visionaries and predicted the emergence of certain technical means, the existence of which to imagine in their era was simply unthinkable.
A concise description of the direction is expressed in one phrase "look into the future." To create a unique design project, open the temporary curtain and build your world as it appears only in front of you. For inspiration, it is recommended to read the works of famous science fiction writers, who with their plots will set beginners in the right direction. Futurism is a style based solely on a person’s imagination and its limitless possibilities.