Desks in the interior: tips for choosing
The history of desks is rooted in antiquity. Initially, they were made of stone and were a primitive structure with a horizontal surface (countertop) and boulders that served as legs. Of course, they did not write at such “tables” in those days, but were engaged in manual labor. The first models vaguely reminiscent of modern counterparts appeared in ancient Egypt. They were made of wood and upholstered with metal. The poor Egyptians dined right on the floor, and only wealthy people could afford such a luxury as a table. Depending on the functional purpose, they were classified into two types:
- Dining. Such tables were round, had static legs and could accommodate no more than a couple of people.
- Workers The first prototype of the desks had folding legs so that, if necessary, the countertop could be laid directly on your knees.
In ancient Greece, the Hellenes, while working with papyrus, squatted and worked with solid substrates. After libraries began to open, and I had to write constantly, the idea of tables was adopted by the Egyptians. The Greeks made more elegant models with numerous decorations. According to one legend, the first desk turned out to be from a simple stool, which was decorated with such intricate carvings that it became uncomfortable to sit on it. In addition to wood, marble and metals were used to make such furniture. With the development of carpentry at the beginning of the Renaissance, models began to be made of solid wood of rare species, inlaid with precious stones and decorated with carvings. The priests, who in those days were engaged in writing massive tracts and compiling new books, spent time standing at the front desk, high tables with an inclined worktop, before the beginning of the 17th century. This way of working has not retained its relevance, but is still considered the most “healthy” for vision and spine. Offices began to be combined with bookshelves and bureaus and secretaries appeared, which even today are still found in a classic design. Now desks have become much more complicated in design, which determines their versatility in the interior. We will talk about how to choose this important part of the study or children's room correctly.
Types of desks
After the start of mass production of furniture, bulky tables became lighter and got rid of unnecessary details. If you were supposed to work with stationery, then the model necessarily had an additional board at an angle, which was placed above the main tabletop. In modern variations of school or student desks, the angle of inclination is preserved, which allows you to develop the correct posture. With the advent of computers, writing furniture has changed. In its design, special niches for the monitor, the system unit and a sliding shelf for the keyboard were added. Classify the lineup of desks according to several criteria:
- The form;
- Estimated placement
- The material of manufacture.
Also, models differ in configuration, that is, a set of additional elements: shelves, niches, add-ons, special holders and drawers. Multifunctional desks are more like full-fledged racks with an additional tabletop. Their purchase eliminates the need to install storage systems.
How to choose
When choosing a desk, you need to focus on the needs of the one who will use it. If you plan to carry out large-scale work (drawing, drawing), then you need to pay attention to spacious models with wide countertops. If you need to organize the storage of work accessories, which are available in large quantities, then the emphasis is on numerous drawers and shelves. Also take into account the features of the interior of the room in which they will put the furniture. Desks decorate with themselves not only classrooms, but also nurseries, workshops, home offices in the apartment.
Depending on the installation location
By type of installation, desks are classified into the following types:
- Angular. The design of the table involves placing at the junction of two walls and does not take up much space. The option is optimal for cramped rooms in urban apartments. Since the windows are usually located far away, it is necessary to take care of high-quality local lighting. Also, this model is relevant for combined rooms, where there is little space allocated to the working area (living rooms, bedrooms).
- Hidden. This primitive version retained in its design only a countertop and, in some cases, folding legs. Hidden tables are equipped with a special mechanism, which, when activated, allows you to fix the work surface horizontally. In the normal state, he disguises himself with other furniture and saves space.
- Built in window sill. These long tables are located directly under the windows, which guarantees an abundance of natural light during work during the day.
- Rectangular. The table can be located in any part of the room. It looks solid, but with large sizes it can fit a computer, additional shelves, organizers and paper trays. If you organize a spacious office in the attic, then a massive classic table will become an adornment of a strict but stylish interior.
There are also non-standard models that are made to order and are customized to the features of the room and its unusual geometry.
Regardless of the purpose for which this piece of furniture is purchased, desks must meet generally accepted standards. They will ensure the correct setting of hands, posture, the necessary distance to paper or a monitor for the eyes. From how a person works at the table, his state of health directly depends. It is especially important to choose the right size for schoolchildren and young children who are just learning to develop fine motor skills of hands for coloring and modeling. The following requirements must be observed:
- The length of the working area should not be less than 1 m.
- There should be free space for hands on the countertop.
- The depth of the table should not be less than 0.5-0.6 m.
As for height, it is selected individually, depending on the height of the person or child. To do this, sit on a chair and measure the distance from the floor to the lower part of the sternum, where the last ribs are located. If the baby needs the “for growth” option, then you can purchase an original designer table with legs, the height of which is adjustable.
There is a system created by the architect Le Carbusier. From his calculations it follows that for a person with standard height (about 175 cm) the “ideal” table should have a height of 70-80 cm. The exact values from this range are determined when measuring the lower and upper parts of the body, as their “ratio” depends on features of the figure.
In form, standard tables are divided into only two types:
The modern market offers a wide range of models of complex shapes with smooth lines, straight and rounded corners and additional work areas.
Functionality and Equipment
In traditional models, there is a storage system at the legs on the right side, consisting of drawers. If there are a lot of accessories, then these shelves duplicate on the left. When the central location of the table (in the middle of the room) is not assumed, add-ons are installed above the countertop - additional open and closed shelves for books, notebooks, textbooks and decorative elements that will dilute the interior composition in a strict study. Very popular models with an additional retractable countertop. The element significantly increases the working area and is in demand in home workshops.
Table selection based on age features
Depending on age characteristics, tables are classified into three types:
- For adults.
All three types differ in tabletop size, depth and of course height. Models must be selected individually for a particular person. Furniture design is also worth considering. For example, for girls it can have a bright pink color and jewelry in the form of floral applications. For boys, models of blue, blue, gray shades are suitable. Teenagers choose modern design tables, with a lot of technical "bells and whistles".
It is welcome if the table for a child or teenager has an adjustable countertop, which gives the desired angle. While the baby's body is growing, it is important to inculcate the habit of working in the correct position.
Materials for the manufacture
Depending on the material of manufacture, desks are divided into the following types:
- From MDF. Boards are made by compressing wood waste (mainly sawdust) with the addition of special adhesives.
- Chipboard. The material is similar to MDF, but has a shorter wear life.
- Array of wood. The most expensive, luxurious desks are made from it. They are bulky and have a lot of weight, but they will last for more than a dozen years. Such models organically merge into the classical style and its modern “interpretation” - Art Nouveau.
- Metal. This material is used in combination with wood or glass. Tables with metal inserts are usually custom-made and selected for a specific interior.
- Glass. Only tabletops are created from it. They use tempered glass or triplex, which are characterized by high strength. Such tables are suitable for high-tech, minimalism and loft.
The cheapest and most impractical material is plastic. Strong loads are contraindicated for such a table, so it will not last long.
Desk for two workplaces
If the family has two children, then their room is equipped with ergonomic furniture, which will leave a lot of free space for active games. A table for two workplaces practically does not differ from the usual, just its countertop has a large length, and all add-ons and storage systems are symmetrically duplicated. In some models, conditional zoning of work sites is carried out at the expense of the lower drawers. As an option, you can install a through rack, which will allow each child to calmly go about their business and not interfere with each other.
If you dig a little deeper, it turns out that all modern models of desks are multifunctional. Initially, this element was invented only for writing, but storage systems were not supposed. They appeared much later, already as a result of bold ideas of designers who sought to create maximum comfort for a person. Original models can contain a chair in a complex design or “disguise” themselves as a cabinet facade. When you open its lower doors, a storage system and a niche for the legs appear, and the upper part turns into a countertop.
Although the century of technological progress is inexorably obsolete by traditional writing by hand, replacing it with typing machine text on the keyboard, it is too early to oblivion desktops. You can buy them ready-made in furniture stores or make them yourself. The second option allows you to equip an ideal workplace. An old "grandmother" table, which can be slightly ennobled, is suitable for provenance. Glass and metal models are combined with modern style, hi-tech and minimalism. The avant-garde will gladly accept an unusual desk with an abstract shape and a decorative lighting system in the interior. The classic style is combined with bulky models made of solid wood and varnished. For any direction, you can pick up a unique desk, which will decorate the furniture set and accent in the interior.