Sculpture in a modern interior
Decoration with figures is a classic technique in the design of rooms. There are no restrictions in terms of shape, material or functional purpose - these can be tabletop figurines, large monuments and figures carved into the rocks. Sculptures are not a mandatory part of the decor, however, until the XIX century. inclusively, they were present in all large houses, and in ancient times were integral elements of building facades. New forms and genres appeared, manufacturing technology was improved. There are three common ways to create sculptures. The method of plasty involves increasing the volume using a specific material. To do this, use wax or clay. Sculpting is cutting off excess parts and turning to obtain the final result. The basis for this method is stone, wood and other materials. Casting - pouring molten bronze or other metal or alloy into a pre-prepared mold.
About sculptures: history and interesting facts
The first statuettes appeared in the Paleolithic. Their shape did not possess symmetry and clear lines. Everything changed after the emergence of ancient Egyptian civilization, when the sculptors reached a fundamentally new level of skill. Large and small human figures now had distinct facial features, in exact accordance with their true anatomical shape. If in the early period sculptors depicted mainly animals, then in the ancient civilizations of modern Egypt, Greece and Italy, the emphasis finally shifted to the human body. Many legends and interesting facts are associated with the statues. It was previously believed that the Greeks did not paint their sculptures in different colors, and only recent studies have shown that paints faded naturally. Historical and political changes have markedly affected the preservation of cultural heritage. The most affected sculptures. The statue of Emperor Marcus Aurelius survived only due to the fact that he was confused with Constantine, a Christian by faith.
Artistic means of sculpture:
- invoice development;
- modeling (building a model);
- silhouette design;
- work on volumetric form.
How to choose a sculpture
When choosing a figure, the buyer is guided by where to place it - in an apartment, country house or garden. Before buying, you need to find a specialist or get acquainted with this type of art. The interior uses mainly easel sculpture. It is intended for close examination, is compatible with any environment, can be performed in full size or be reduced. Easel sculpture may contain hidden meanings. The figures are able to lighten the atmosphere, saturated with straight lines, or vice versa - to add rigor to it. To decorate the interior in modern style, abstract forms are needed, and not a simple human figure. Busts are appropriate in the classic design, made antique. The size of the figurines is selected depending on the dimensions of the room so that they look harmonious.
If possible, unbreakable interior sculptures from shockproof materials should be chosen.
Round are called such sculptures that can be circumvented around their axis. These include statues and busts. If you need to decorate a large room, then you should choose several large sculptures, for example, historical busts. They are best placed in the corners. A room with an unusual design requires interesting solutions in the form of sculptures of irregular shape. They are at their discretion, preferably where there is more free space. Relief sculptures are called various forms connected to a flat surface. High relief is installed only in large rooms or in open space. The bas-relief is appropriate in rooms of any size. You can choose it in those cases when horizontal surfaces are made in bright colors. Sculptural groups are ensembles of several statues. They will decorate the facade of the building or garden.
By purpose, the sculpture is divided into:
- Easel. The most versatile of all subspecies.
- Monumental and decorative. It includes elements of the decoration of buildings and architectural complexes.
- Monumental. These sculptural objects are independent architectural units.
Ceramic figurines are often used in everyday life. They serve as small decorations for living rooms and kitchens. They are made mainly of porcelain. Crystal figurines stand in different ways - from cheap to expensive for status decoration. Ivory figures give the interior a noble look. The mahogany or ebony sculptures fit well into the African and Victorian styles. Metal allows you to implement any design ideas. Metal sculptures are appropriate for progressive styles. Paper figurines have become very popular over the past 5-7 years. If earlier this material was widely used in East Asia, now this trend is observed in the West. Stone statues combine with any decor. Gypsum is used as both a base material and a transition material. This is a practical substance used to create forms that can then be repeated in clay, faience or porcelain.
Sculptures are also made from:
- semiprecious stones;
- special terracotta clay varieties;
- polymeric materials;
- sculptural plasticine.
Variety of genres
Portrait genre involves the depiction of specific people or their collective image. Subspecies are portraits such as symbol, mood, type and character. The mythological genre is a reflection of mythical events, mainly on reliefs. The everyday direction is dedicated to the reconstruction of public and private life of the period corresponding to the years of the sculptor's life. The historical genre is primarily the embodiment in sculptures of genuine historical events, their direct interpretation or presentation through hidden meaning. The symbolic genre is represented by works that are displayed in the form of conventions, reminiscent of, denoting or pointing to any idea, image or concept. Allegorical sculptures are endowed with an artistic representation of a certain concept in the form of a concrete image. Animal sculpture is a genre where animals are the central object.
Style of interior and figures
In the African style, the emphasis is on animal motifs and a variety of patterns. Sculptures in this vein are indispensable elements of such an environment. It requires the presence of wooden figures. Sculptures assembled from a large number of metal parts look spectacular. They correspond to the metaphysical flow and the steampunk style. The direction of contemporary is known for its strange forms. The most unusual design decisions and complete freedom of thought are the main characteristic features of figures in this style. Vanguard-style statues consist of rounded shapes, flowing lines and transitions. Ethnic trends include all kinds of designs and materials. The most significant historical style is the Renaissance. Sculptures of this direction depict people and objects of wildlife. Monumental sculpture stands out for its grandeur and grandeur.
One of the modern decoration rules says that styles can be combined, and the rules can be violated, creating new combinations.
Sizes of sculptures and their placement
Depending on the size of the figurine placed on the floor (large), tables (smaller than average size) or shelves (small). Some are for specific places. Part of the sculptures can be represented as a single fragment. At home, it looks unusual; coincides with the concept of modern art. The living room can be decorated with several large statues that attract attention. In the bedroom it is worth placing a figure of the original form or a figurine depicting a couple in love. Small sculptures of cold colors are placed in the kitchen. In the nursery it is better to buy small unbreakable figures. They should be placed on shelves. The classic solution is to place sculptures on both sides of the fireplace and create a relief above it. The figures should be much darker or lighter than the color scheme of the walls. A combination of different materials when decorating with sculptures is welcome.
You should not place sculptural objects at a loss for the convenient arrangement of furniture or other elements.
Sculpture is a classic element of the interior. Correct arrangement of figures requires elementary knowledge about the compatibility of materials with the style in which the room is made. The most universal are small figurines: they are suitable for the implementation of historical and modern trends in design, do not attract too much attention, fight less often, are convenient in operation and are cheaper. The main advantage of sculptures made of semiprecious stones is the color scheme. You can create a figurine with your own hands. Without special skills, you can make a sculpture of several metal parts. But to create a paper figure you will need to take special courses. The sculpture in the interior has a universal purpose - guests can like it, arouse the approval of art lovers, and interest children. Thanks to flexible pricing, it is available to everyone.